is modeled after the Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis
Reporting System (FARS). Since 1975, FARS has been recording
information on fatal motor vehicle crashes, which claim 40,000 lives
annually in the United States. The data captured by this system has
been critical to the research and prevention of motor vehicle-related
Among its other data, FARS tracks crash
information on the lives saved by child restraints, seat
belts; motorcycle helmet use and airbags (since 1987),
and it has found that:
- In 1975, 36 children were saved by
child restraints, 978 lives were saved by seat belts
and motorcycle helmets prevented 823 deaths.
- By 2010, these numbers had grown dramatically.
More than 303 children were saved by child restraints,
seatbelt use saved 12,546 lives and motorcycle helmets
prevented 1,550 deaths. In addition, air bags are credited
with saving 2,306 American lives.
Similarly, NVDRS helps us measure which
prevention programs and policies are effective in preventing
homicide and suicide.